The process of inserting a 'pin' into the skin of a person in order to have a positive physiological effect, regardless of the theory or methodology used to determine point selection is the process of acupuncture. Needless to say, it is better to have acupuncture performed by someone who has trained in correct methodology and who appreciates the many layers and systems that acupuncture can affect.
What is generally considered Japanese acupuncture, includes many and varied methodology and incorporates many styles and techniques. Some are uniquely or typically Japanese. Others are similar to the styles and methods that come from China, Taiwan and Korea.
Techniques that are representative of Japanese practice come under three main categories and include those techniques and methods that are uniquely Japanese by virtue of their having been invented in Japan; those techniques that have been refined and developed by Japanese practitioners, and techniques and methods that are more common in Japan than elsewhere.
As a therapy, Meridian Therapy looks to treat the body's constitution, in order to correct the symptoms that a patient is experiencing.
Meridian Therapy is not a disease name therapy. This means that it doesn't speak to or look to apply acupuncture within a disease name model.
There is a strong diagnostic framework which relies on information elicited from the 4 diagnoses [looking, listening, asking and palpation].
Palpation of the pulse and hara (abdomen) and meridians is of great significance.
Meridian Therapy is a separate training and is largely a non-insertion tradition of acupuncture, this is why it is an excellent choice of therapy for those who are needle phobic, children and babies, and those highly sensitive patients.